In Kabul - Konstruktivists* - Live In Vienna 2011 (CDr, Album)
However, it's up to you - either system is fine with me though the use of CE and BCE seem to be more widely used by scholars these days - particularly by non-Christian scholars. Anyway, whatever you do, I suggest having a look at the Wikipedia article on the Common Era and consider why the use of the so-called "Christian Era" may be offensive to some.
I don't understand why the name of Kabul is now written in Hindi? As an Afghan, I am offended. Hindi is NOT an official language of Afghanistan. There may be Sikh people living in Kabul, however, that does mean that Hindi should be used to write the name of a Persian city. I agree. I'm likewise offended. There are at most just a couple of thousand Hindus and Sikhs in all of Afghanistan. We're talking about a couple of thousand people in a country of more than 30 million.
What's more, these Sikhs and Hindus are not really Afghans. They are the descendants of Indian merchants who decided to settle in Afghanistan when India was still ruled by the In Kabul - Konstruktivists* - Live In Vienna 2011 (CDr.
To suggest that there is a Hindi or Sikh claim to the city just because there are some immigrant families from India living in the city doesn't make much sense. Those cities have many more Indian immigrants than Kabul does, both in absolute terms and percentage-wise. Kabul is an ancient hindu and indian city as all of Afghanistan is a part of ancient india. Why are you denying this. We are spending so much money in aid and development of kabul and afghanistan.
It is rightfully ok to have kabul written in hindi and in sanskrit as Afghanistan is really an ancient india. Kabul is and has always been predominately Pukhtun. National Geographic and other Western sources know nothing with regards to the Muslim world, so please stop trying to use them.
Kabul is a city with Tajiks majority. Why are people constantly editing this page and making Kabul look "ghetto. Perhaps we should learn from Iranians and be a bit more classy about how we present our capital city. In the first paragraph the last sentence is; "A highway is being rebuilt in the west to modern standards to link Afghanistan to Iran. What has that got to do with Kabul? It's confusing having that Album) the lead! The most reliable source we can trust for population count is USAID because that organization is the leader of development and data gathering in Afghanistan.
According to them the population of the entire Kabul Province is 3, How do we get 5 million for the city of Kabul only? I've been to Kabul and it's a very small city. I also been to New York City which has about 8 million people and that's a very giant city in which most people live in high rise buildings.
So how can Kabul, which doesn't have any buildings, be almost like NYC? This is ridiculous and doesn't make any sense. I live in IslamabadPakistanwhich is very huge than Kabul and has less than 1 million people.
Anyway, no matter what the real population of Kabul is, removing useful information about its sister cities and unjustified moving of irrelevant stuff to the lead like this edit is more like vandalism. Alefbe talk23 May UTC [ ]. They said it is currently under development and will serve all of Kabul by What is the status of these different pronunciations?
How is the word pronounced in Pashto? Millercor talk15 July UTC [ ]. Tajik talk17 July UTC [ ]. I have reverted the latest edits by Quite the contrary. Tajik talk2 August UTC [ ]. How can Saad Mohseni and Wasef Bakhtari be notable people from Kabul if they one of them is born in London while the other is born in Balkh? If their names are in the list just because they currently live in Kabul resident of Kabulthen 1 how can Raziq Faani 's name be in the list because he died in California in ?
The section should be about "Notable People" who are from Kabul, because there are countless of "Notable Residents". Ketabtoon talk2 February UTC [ ]. All three of them are native Kabulis. You have done the same in this article . Ahmad Zahir was born in Kabul but he was a native Laghmani so you did the right job by including him in that article rather than in here.
I'll adjust it accordingly. Such sections are to provide information, in prose form when possible, on "any famous or notable individuals that were born in, or have lived for a significant amount of time, in the city The article writes that the population of Kabul city is around 3, however according to 2 of the 3 sources provided, the number is for the entire Kabul Province, not just Kabul city. We need to correct the population. It would be a good idea to use MRRD's stats at the moment.
Ketabtoon talk27 February UTC [ ]. The province is not a metropolitan areaprovince is more of a rural area. The Naval Postgraduate School is an accredited research university operated by the United States Navy and it states that the urban area or inner city of Kabul is made up ofresidents.
All the sources agree on the approximate 3. Ahmed shahi talk2 April UTC [ ]. Ahmed shahi talk13 April UTC [ ]. This gives you some idea what American NPS is trying to explain. Ahmed shahi talk14 April UTC [ ].
Many others sources give a figure around that number. However, I suggest using the official figures published by the CSO. For two reasons: first because it is the official statistics agency In Kabul - Konstruktivists* - Live In Vienna 2011 (CDr Afghanistan and there is no question of unreliability or whatever elseand secondly, because it is the most recent population estimation available.
It is not like CSO and has no credibility. It has gathered all those information from other sources, probably from the UN, and has then prepared Kabul's profile.
The figure which it gives for the Kabul city's population atis obviously too low and unacceptable. First, it has not given any definition for "Urban area", what does it mean by that? Kabul city is again divided into 18 districts called "Naahya".
Now what does the term "urban area" refer to? Does it refer to the first and second districts or Naahya's of Kabul which are situated in the center of the city as the downtown? If it is, then it is imperfect. Kabul "city" is obviously larger and Album) urban population is certainly bigger. The term "urban" in the western countries has another definition according to different administration systems.
Now, I suggest using the CSO's official statistics of 3, for the Kabul province, and we can use the statistics of MRRD for the Kabul city as a whole one district of Kabul province of 1,; which sounds totally reasonable.
If you have lived in Kabul and have ever visited Kabul, you will agree thatis too low for the city, and the population is much more dense than that. Ariana talk2 April UTC [ ]. The years,and etc. So don't let that worry you. Still we haven't got any precise definition for Kabul's "urban area".
Which sectors of Kabul district are included in its definition? What you said " The towns which are situated in the outskirts of Kabul city, let's say the suburbs, are covered in other districts of Kabul province. The Administration system in Afghanistan is not the same as in the western countries.
Related Tags experimental industrial electronic minimal electronic 80s underground Add tags View all tags. Tracklist Sorted by: Running order Running order Most popular. Buy Album). More Love this track. Play album Buy Loading. External Links Apple Music www. Artist images 3 more. Konstruktivists 2, listeners Related Tags industrial experimental electronic Konstruktivists was formed by Glenn Michael Wallis in out of the ashes of Heute. Heute were a kraut rock influenced trio using electronics as well as conventional guitars and bass.
The throne was left to his year-old son, Zahir Shahwho became the last King of Afghanistan. Unlike Amanullah Khan, Nader Khan and Zahir Shah had no plans to create a new capital city, and thus Kabul remained the country's seat of government. During the inter-war period France and Germany helped develop the country and maintained high schools and lycees in the capital, providing education for the children of the city's elite families.
Kabul's only railway service, the Kabul—Darulaman Tramwayoperated for six years from to When Zahir Shah took power in Kabul had the only 10 kilometers 6 miles of rail in the country and the country had few internal telegraphs, phone lines or roads.
Zahir turned to the Japanese, Germans and Italians for help developing a modern transportation and communication network. During the s and s, urbanization accelerated and the built-up area was increased to 68 km 2 byan almost fourteen-fold increase compared to Under the premiership of Mohammad Daoud Khan in the s, foreign investment and development increased.
The government also built many ministry buildings in the brutalist architecture style. Kabul Zoo was inaugurated inwhich was maintained with the help of visiting German zoologists. During this time, Kabul experimented with liberalization, notably the loosening of restrictions on speech and assembly which led to student politics in the capital and various demonstrations by Socialist, Maoist, liberal or Islamist factions.
Foreigners flocked to Kabul and the nation's tourism industry picked up speed. To accompany the city with new found tourism, western-style accommodations were opened in the s, notably the Spinzar Hotel. Bruce Amstutzan American diplomat in Kabul:. The Afghans themselves were an imposing people, the men tall and self-assured and the women attractive. Until the late s, Kabul was a major stop on the famous Hippie trailcoming from Bamyan to the west on towards Peshawar.
Kabul must burn! The Soviets turned the city of Kabul into their command center during the Soviet—Afghan Warand while fighting was mostly taking place in the countryside, Kabul was widely disturbed. Political crime and guerrilla attacks on military and government targets were common, and the sound of gunfire became commonplace at night in the outskirts. Large numbers of PDPA party members and Soviet troops were kidnapped or assassinated, sometimes in broad daylight, with acts of terrorism committed by civilians, anti-regime militias and also Khalqists.
By Julyas much as twelve party members were being assassinated on a daily basis, and the Soviet Army stopped patrolling the city in January A major uprising against the Soviet presence broke out in Kabul in February in what is called the 3 Hut uprising. It led to a night curfew in the city that would remain in place for seven years. A Western correspondent revisiting Kabul in December after a year, said that the city was "converted into a fortress bristling with weapons".
The city's population increased from aroundin to 1. They sometimes received abuse from anti-Soviet civilians on the streets. After the fall of Mohammad Najibullah 's  government in Aprildifferent mujahideen factions entered the city and formed a government under the Peshawar Accordsbut Gulbuddin Hekmatyar 's party refused to sign the accords and started shelling the city for power, which soon escalated into a full-scale conflict.
This marked the start of a dark period of the city: at least 30, civilians were killed in a period known locally as the "Kabul Wars. A The New York Times analyst said in that the city was more devastated than Sarajevowhich was similarly damaged during the Bosnian War at the time. The city suffered heavily under a bombardment campaign between rival militias which intensified during the summer of Its geographic location in a narrow valley made it an easy target from rockets fired by militias who based themselves in the surrounding mountains.
In latebombardment of the capital came to a temporary halt. Courts started to work again, convicting individuals inside government troops who had committed crimes. They imposed a strict form of Sharia Islamic lawrestricting women from work and education,  conducting amputations against common thieves, and hit-squads from the infamous "Ministry for Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice" watching public beatings of people. In Novemberthe Northern Alliance captured Kabul after the Taliban had abandoned it following the American invasion.
A month later a new government under President Hamid Karzai began to assemble. The war-torn city began to see some positive development as many expatriate Afghans returned to the country.
The city's population grew from aboutin to over 3 million in recent years. Many foreign embassies re-opened. In the process [ clarification needed ] started to gradually hand over security responsibilities from NATO to Afghan forces. The city has experienced rapid urbanization with an increasing population. Many informal settlements have been built. Throughout the years, a high-security " Green Zone " was formed in the center of the city.
Concrete blast walls also appeared throughout Kabul in the s for security reasons. Despite frequent terrorist attacks in the city, mainly by Taliban insurgents, the city continued to develop and was the fifth fastest-growing city in the world as of Kabul was periodically the scene of deadly bombings carried out mostly by the Taliban but also by the Haqqani networkISILand other anti-state groups.
The deadliest attack yet was a truck bombing in May Kabul was situated in the eastern part of the country, 1, meters 5, feet above sea level in a narrow valley, wedged between the Hindu Kush mountains along the Kabul River. Immediately to the south of the old city are the ancient city walls and the Sher Darwaza mountain, with the Shuhadayi Salihin cemetery behind it.
Its location has been described as a "bowl surrounded by mountains". There are also two mountains in between urban areas to the west: Koh-e Asamai locally known as the Television hill and Ali Abad. Hills within the city which are called tapa include Bibi Mahro and Maranjan.
The Logar River flows into Kabul from the south, joining the Kabul River not far from the city center. The city covers an area size of 1, square kilometres sq mimaking it by far the largest in the country.
Kabul is roughly equidistant between Istanbul western Asia and Hanoi eastern Asia. Kabul had a continental, cold semi-arid climate BSk with precipitation concentrated in the winter almost exclusively falling as snow and spring months. Temperatures are cool compared to much of Southwest Asia, mainly due to the high elevation of the city.
Summer has very low humidityproviding relief from the heat. Autumn features warm afternoons and sharply cooler evenings. Spring is the wettest time of the year. Sunny conditions dominate year-round. The annual mean temperature is The Kabul River flowed through the heart of the city, dividing the central bazaars. Due to climate changesince the 21st century, the river runs dry most of the year, only filling up in the wetter winter and spring seasons.
A large lake and wetland was located just to the southeast from the old city called Kol-e Hashmat Khan. In the government declared the lake a protected area.
It is a major attraction for locals as well as foreigners. Air pollution is a major problem in the city during the winter season, when many residents burn low-quality fuels. The city limits have thus substantially increased. Due to demarcation disputes with the provincial administration, some of these new districts are more administered by the provincial districts than the municipality. District 1 contains most of the old city. Downtown Kabul mostly consist of Districts 2, 4 and In addition, Districts 3 and 6 house many commercial and governmental points of interests.
The table below show the 22 city districts and their settlements, with information about its land size and usage, accurate as of Kabul's population was estimated in at about 4. The lack of an up-to-date census means that there are various estimates of the population.
Kabul's population was estimated to have been about 10, in65, byandby Kabul became one of the fastest growing cities in the world, with its population growing fourfold from to This was partly due to the return of refugees after the fall of the Taliban regime, and partly due to Afghans moving from other provinces mainly due to war between Taliban insurgents and Afghan government forces in their native areas as well as looking for labor.
This resulting rapid urbanization means that many residents today live in informal settlements. Although the settlements are illegal, they have been tolerated by authorities. In Kabul Municipality started a project to paint the homes in these settlements in bright colors in an effort to "cheer up" residents. Kabul is and has historically been the most ethnically diverse city in the country, with the population including Afghans from all over the country. If there be another country with so many differing tribes and such a diversity of tongues, it is not known.
Along with Pashtun and Tajik communities, who make up the majority of the population of the city, there was a significant population of HazaraUzbekTurkmenKuchi, Tatar, Qizilbash, Hindu, Sikh and other groups. The broader province of Kabul however, is dominated by Pashtun and Tajik groups. Multilingualism is common throughout the area, particularly among the Pashtun people. They were ethnic-neutral, typically speak Dari Persianwere generally secularly educated, and favor Western fashion. Many Kabulites especially elites and the upper class left the country during the civil war and are now outnumbered by rural people who moved in from the countryside, mostly refugees but also labor-seekers.
It is estimated that there are —8, Afghan Christians in the country as a whole; due to restrictions on religious freedom, they often worship in secret, rendering it difficult to estimate the number of Christians in Kabul specifically.
Cricket has historically been the dominant sport in Kabul, with 2 of 3 sports stadiums reserved for it. The municipality's administrative structure consisted of 17 departments under a mayor.
Like other provincial municipalities in Afghanistan, the municipality of Kabul dealt with city affairs such as construction and infrastructure. Each city district had a district head appointed by the mayor, and lead six major departments in the district office.
The neighborhood organization structure at the nahia level was called a gozar. Kabul has been Divided in to Gozars. A wakil-e gozar was a person chosen to represent a community within a city district. Kabul's Chief of Police was Lt. Abdul Rahman Rahimi. The Police Chief was selected by the Interior Minister and is responsible for all law enforcement activities throughout the Kabul province. Kabul's main products included fresh and dried fruitnutsbeverages, Afghan rugsleather and sheep skin products, furniture, antique replicasand domestic clothes.
The first of these was the Kabul City Centeropened Mandawi Road on the south side of the river, located between Murad Khani and Shur Bazaar neighborhoods, is one of the main bazaars of Kabul.
This wholesale market is very popular amongst locals. Wednesday 28 April Thursday 29 April Friday 30 April Saturday 1 May Sunday 2 May Monday 3 May Tuesday 4 May Wednesday 5 May Thursday 6 May Friday 7 May Saturday 8 May Sunday 9 May Monday 10 May Tuesday 11 May Wednesday 12 May Thursday 13 May Friday 14 May Saturday 15 May Sunday 16 May Monday 17 May Tuesday 18 May Wednesday 19 May Thursday 20 May Friday 21 May Saturday 22 May Sunday 23 May Monday 24 May Tuesday 25 May Wednesday 26 May Thursday 27 May Friday 28 May Saturday 29 May Sunday 30 May Monday 31 May Tuesday 1 June Wednesday 2 June Thursday 3 June Friday 4 June Saturday 5 June Sunday 6 June Monday 7 June Tuesday 8 June Wednesday 9 June Thursday 10 June Friday 11 June Saturday 12 June Sunday 13 June Monday 14 June Tuesday 15 June Wednesday 16 June Thursday 17 June Friday 18 June Saturday 19 June Sunday 20 June
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